Trinity

Father, Son and Holy Spirit

The orthodox principle of the Trinity (Latin trinitas "triad", from trinus “threefold”) describes God as three consubstantial persons, hypostases, expressions; the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit "one God in three persons”. However, one can argue that the western mind is easily confused by this notion and in fact the word ‘trinity’ doesn't even appear in the scriptures. Israel is correct in her declaration that God is one. 

The scholar, philosopher and doctor of the Church, Thomas Aquinas made good use of the word ‘procession’ a theological term to explain the economic working of the one God. For example, the Son proceeds from God and is God, the Holy Spirit proceeds from God and is God. We can also understand that the Father ‘generates’ the Son who is begotten not made, and the Holy Spirit proceeds, but they are all co-equal and one.


 

The Spirit of YHVH is YHVH!


“The Spirit of God hath made me, and the breath of the Almighty hath given me life.” (Job 33:4)

From the time of creation constant reference is made in Holy Writ to Messiah and the Messianic hope of Israel. 'The Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters'; the Spirit of God means Messiah.  (Midrash Genesis Rabbah 2; Leviticus Rabbah 14)

The Tanakh, uses the word ruach generally to mean: wind, breath, mind, spirit. In living creatures (Heb. nephesh chayah), the ‘ruach' is the breath. This is the same use of word for both animals or humans. 

Animals (Gen 7:15; Psa 104:25, 29)

Mankind (Isa 42:5; Ezek 37:5). 

God is the maker of ruach: "The ruach of God (from God) is in my nostrils" (Job 27:3). In God's hand is the ruach of all mankind (Job 12:10; Isa 42:5). For humanity, ruach further indicates the principle of life that belongs to reason, will, and conscience. In Genesis we sey that ruach imparted the divine image to humans, and amounts to a dynamic animation resulting in man's nephesh as personal existence.

Considering the work of God Ruach indicates creative acts (Gen 1:2) and active power (Isa 40:13). The Spirit of God also works in protective care (Job 33:4; Psa 104:30), and in salvation (Ezek 11:19; Ezek 36:26-27). It also upholds and guides the chosen ones (Neh 9:20; Psa 143:10; Hag 2:5), and is at the heart of empowering Messiah (Isa 11:2; Isa 42:1; Isa 61:1).

The ruach is to the created nephesh. The Ruach Elohim is to God Himself, the Spirit of God and associated with God. Ruach can be also understood as the first mover of animation, the dynamism of all things a the ‘principio’ (Lat.), of creation: the One that imparts the nephesh to the all that exists. 

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